How to refill a fish tank after moving it

Okay here is the situation, I recently purchased a 90 gal tank from a family who had the tank established for a couple years. There are 9 African cichlids, one bottom feeder and one talking Cat fish…..obviously we drained the tank and I transported the fish home. Now I have cleaned the tank, put new gravel in but did not change the filter sponge as I was advised not to. It hasn’t even been 24hrs but around 12 hours the tank started to get cloudy and now 18 hours after introducing them to the new water (well water & I added what the pet store gave me) it has become quite cloudy. Please help me on why and what I should do?? THANK YOU!!

Ways of identifying a Male and Female Cichlid

The most common problems from a beginner cichlid hobbyist is identifying if there cichlids is male or female. It is difficult or even impossible to identify the gender of non breeding individuals. As a fish lover, we would like to know if our cichlid is male or female but it is not easily to differentiate but there few things that you can apply. These are various ways on identifying if your cichlid is a male or female. Identify the gender of a fish are more likely to be able to multiply your cichlids. But if you consider to breed your cichlids, it is more better to search more before seeking a breeding pair. Cichlid are belong to a diverse group, that would take a small novel to give a specific gender of a species.

Males are slimmer, but they are more larger than the females. But there are females that are larger than the male so the size is not indicator. Females are also rounder and belly is more emphasize. Males are more vibrantly colored. The convict cichlids have orange on the belly and males lack the orange. Females changes their color particularly during the breeding cycle. The dorsal and fins of the female is more flowing than the male which are pointed and larger. There are species that the display egg shaped of the female are marking at the anal fin. Some males have a bump on the head that we called a nuchal hump. But in aquaria, females can get also humps so the presence of the humps is not also the indicator of your cichlid is male or female.

Cichlid Compatibilty

Cichlid Compatibilty

The most important rule in taking care of cichlid is the compatibility. Do not Mix cichlids with anything that is not a cichlid, such as tetras or guppies. Cichlids are very aggressive fish and most likely within a week, they will beat or kill anything you have put in the same area. Overcrowded is not recommended for cichlids because if you want to enjoy your fish and allow them to develop their personalities and behaviors they should not in crowded area. Sometimes it works when cichlids are mixed in an aquarium but sometimes it’s not. Do not mixed baby cichlids with adult cichlids because babies are a live meal to adults. Wait until 3 inches or longer before putting them to an adult tank.

cichlidspic.jpg (107 KB)

cichlidspic.jpg (107 KB)

cichlidspic.jpg (107 KB)

cichlidspic.jpg (107 KB)